Installation Guide

Last update on Oct. 6, 2013.

Installation Guide

This guide assumes you have already done the following:

  • Downloaded the installation iso image from here.
  • Burnt the image to a blank DVD. How to burn a Live CD
  • Have 18GB or more hard disk drive (HDD) space available.
Click on the images to see them in full size. 

Now lets begin the installation:

1 - Boot into Kwheezy LiveCD

Power on the computer and boot from the DVD drive. This can be done in either of two ways;

  1. in the BIOS, setting the boot priority of the DVD drive to first boot (consult your hardware's manual if necessary).
  2. selecting the boot option at boot time, commonly done by pressing F9 or F10 or F12 (depending on manufacturer) at the very start of the boot process, then selecting the DVD device.

You should then see the Kwheezy Live CD boot  options screen (white background). Just hit the 'Enter' key to begin booting from the Live CD.

It can take a while, because there is a lot of data to extract from the DVD. Eventually you should arrive at the Kwheezy desktop. If you get a login prompt instead, the username is 'administrator' and password is 'kwheezy'.

2 - Start the installation

To begin the installation, double left click on the "Install Kwheezy" icon situated at the top left corner of the desktop. The installation utility will appear.

3 - Select the drive to install on

From the drop down menu "Select Drive", choose the drive you want to install to. If there is more than one, be careful not to choose the wrong drive.

4 - Choose the partitioning method

Next, choose the partitioning method. If you can spare a whole drive, it is recommended to choose the default option "Whole drive, separate home partition".

If you are installing to a drive with an existing partition, perhaps an existing installation or a data partition. Then it's recommended to choose "Largest unpartitioned space, separate home partition".

Then click the "Next" button.

5 - Drive Partitioning

The options here are only useful for advanced installations. 

The partitions are automatically sized according to your selection on the previous page. It does give you chance to see how the partitions are layed out. If you later choose to do a more advanced installation using "Manual partitionong" then observing the layout may be helpful.

Unless you are a more advanced Linux user, leave the options as they are and click the "Next" button.

6 - Select Timezone

Select your timezone from the list.

Choose whether your hardware clock is set to UTC or Local time. If you're not sure, just leave it on UTC. If you have another operating system installed on this computer, you may want to change it according to that installation. Windows for example, uses local time by default, but it can be changed to UTC in newer versions.

Then click the "Next" button.

7 - Select Locale

Select your locale from the list.

A locale is basically regional and language options. It defines language, date & time format, currency format, address and telephone format, default paper size, measurement conventions. Debian, KDE and many GNU/Linux applications support many locales. The default for Kwheezy is en_GB (English - British). If you are not sure what locale you require, just leave the default and change it after installation in KDE settings.

To change KDE locale settings, perform either of these:
1) Applications menu (bottom left) -> Settings -> System Settings -> Locale.
2) Press <Alt> + <F2> keys, type "system settings", press <Enter>, click on "Locale".

Then click the "Next" button.

8 - Set Passwords

Set passwords for both the root and administrator accounts.

The root account is an inbuilt account in all UNIX/Linux systems. It is the owner of the system, the primary super-user. The root account can do anything on the system. As such, it is potentially dangerous being logged in as root. Therefore we can't login graphically (from login screen, to a desktop) as root.

The administrator account is more or less a regular user acount. It is allowed graphical login, and on first boot after installation, you are required to use it. Unlike other user accounts you will add later (at least one), it aquires elevated permissions automatically. This makes it easier to configure the system. But it is also more dangerous and less secure to use this account for daily tasks. Also, if your own login fails, it can be used as a failover; to repair your account, or to recreate it.

9 - Set Hostname

Set the hostname of the computer.

A hostname is a name that identifies each computer. It is more useful when you have a network of computers, so that they can be identified etc. If you are not a system admin or an advanced user, it does not matter what it is set to. For example, use your name and append -desktop or -laptop (e.g. joe-desktop or joe-laptop).

Then click the "Next" button.

10 - Initiate installation

Now we're ready to begin the installation. This is your last chance to go back and change your options or abort the installation. Once the installation starts, it can not be cancelled.

If you are sure everything is set correctly. Particularly the selected hard disk drive or partition. We do not want to accidentally overwrite wanted data that is not backed up. If so, then click on the "Install" button to begin installation.

Now it is installing, which mostly involves copying files to the selected drive / partitions. Just relax, or make a cup of tea. It will take roughly 10 minutes to an hour depending on the speed of your computer and hard drive.

11 - Installation Complete!

Once the installation is complete, the progress text will indicate as such, and the "Finish" button will now be enabled.

Click "Finish" button to close the installation utility. You may continue to use the Live environment if needed. When you are ready, reboot the computer into your new installation. Don't forget to remove the Live DVD.

When you reboot you will reach the login screen. Login to the administrator account with the password you set in step 8. Then follow the instructions that await you.

Next entry

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  1. Located Now on 07/28/2013 9:31 a.m. #

    First impressions are that this distro seems to be the most promising I have seen in a long time. Kudos and Cheers!

  2. Dinexi on 07/31/2013 11:36 p.m. #

    Can I install this product from USB stick?

  3. euan on 07/31/2013 11:59 p.m. #

    @Dinexi: yes you can, It's my preferred method. I find using dd the best way.e.g.:

    #dd if=Downloads/kwheezy-l.0-(64bit).iso of=/dev/sdb bs=1M

    Replace /dev/sdb with your usb stick identifier.

    Tip: type "dmesg" from terminal just after pluggin it in, the last few lines should reveal the drive id (/dev/sd?).

    Otherwise, using Unetbootin or "Kwheezy LiveUSB" are alternatives.

  4. EdiFirst on 08/12/2013 1:18 a.m. #

    My installation not finalize, stop on 10%. If
    I turn off the computer, not start the graph mode just command line...

  5. euan on 08/12/2013 1:45 p.m. #

    Firstly, check the md5sum of the iso.

    Try to burn again to DVD, or dd to USB. If burning, use DAO/SAO (Disc At Once AKA Session At Once).

    I had another person report failed installation, he wrote back saying he tried again (USB) and then it worked.

    Also, try to use KDE partition manager from the live session and create a new partition table first, then try installing.

    If you want to help debug, follow these steps from Live session:

    1.) Press F12 for yakuake terminal.
    2.) Enter "/usr/share/kwheezy-livecd/"

    Then paste the output to me. Let me know how you get on. I'll PM you so you can email me directly.

  6. Edifirst on 08/12/2013 10:12 p.m. #

    I over installed the default Debian Wheezy 7.1 + KDE 4, How I can leave my desktop like Kwheezy?

  7. euan on 08/13/2013 12:56 p.m. #

    @Edifirst: I'm sorry but I don't understand your question.

  8. Bruce on 08/15/2013 12:42 p.m. #

    I too have the problem of the install stopping at the "finalizing installation... 10%.

    terminal output:
    tune2fs 1.42.5 (29-Jul-2012)
    Setting maximal mount count to -1
    Setting interval between checks to 0 seconds
    tune2fs 1.42.5 (29-Jul-2012)
    Setting maximal mount count to -1
    Setting interval between checks to 0 seconds
    Expected Copy Size: 10908520.0
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    File "/usr/share/kwheezy-livecd/", line 1223, in run
    homeFilesystemType = str(subprocess.check_output(shellCommand,shell=True)).splitlines()[0]
    IndexError: list index out of range

    Using the latest Kwheezy 1.1. Did check sum on ISO, matched. Burned at 2x in DVD drive. Everything else I tried seemed to work correctly.


  9. euan on 08/15/2013 2:57 p.m. #

    @Bruce: OK, I found the problem. It's because you have over 10 partitions. I never tested with that many partitions. Basically the installer expects a space before the partition number in the output of parted -l .

    " 1 1049kB 20.0GB 20.0GB primary ext4"

    But in you case, it's without that space:
    "11 411GB 435GB 24.1GB logical ext4"

    So, there will be fix as soon as I can. good news is, you will be able to apply the fix from Apper updates (via repository) in the existing version 1.1 Live session. i.e, no need to download version 1.1.1

    Look out for the annoucement in News on the homepage.

  10. Bruce on 08/15/2013 11:28 p.m. #

    Thanks!! Fast response to problem for me.

    Everything went smoothly after updating. Writing this from new install...

  11. Rickster on 09/29/2013 10:29 a.m. #

    Hi Euan, and thanks again.

    The only thing I would change on this page is any mention of "CD", this thing definitely needs a "DVD" to burn it.

  12. euan on 10/01/2013 5:27 a.m. #

    @Rickster: That's a good point. However the wiki "How to burn a live cd" is a general guide for any Linux/*BSD distro.

    The other mentions are all in the context "Live CD" which has become common place and has well known meaning. The fact that most distros are now over 700MB shows there was lack of foresight in giving it that name. Perhaps I'm behind the times, are they called "Live DVD" now?

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